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Definition of Psychosomatic or Psychosomatic

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Hello friends welcome to the website Dikri Nalendra07, how are you friends today? I hope you are always healthy, okay, today I want to talk about psychomatic disorders, surely almost everyone must have experienced this disorder whether it started from relatives who left us, bullying or other mental threatening events, every human being is natural to experience depression and stress. , but if it drags on in sadness or stress it is not good for health because it can cause a disease called psychosomatic, do you know what psychosis is? if not, let's learn together starting from the understanding, impact and causes.

Definition of Psychosomatic

The word psychosomatic is a combination of two words, namely mind (psyche) and body (soma). If defined, psychosomatic disorders are physical complaints that arise or are influenced by thoughts or emotions, rather than by an obvious physical reason, such as an injury or infection. Psychosomatic disorders can occur at any age, from children to adults. The emergence of psychosomatic complaints in a person usually begins with mental health problems they experience, such as fear, stress, depression, or anxiety.

Psychosomatic Characteristics

Psychosomatic can be recognized by everyone with the following symptoms:
  • Tend to feel excessive worry even though the complaint is relatively mild.
  • Psychosomatic complaints generally appear when under stress or when the load of the mind increases.
  • The pattern of appearance of physical complaints is usually triggered by stress and depression and often occurs repeatedly.

Physical Complaints That May Be Experienced By Sufferers

  • Sweaty palms
  • Heart pounding
  • Headache
  • Stomach pain or heartburn
  • Back pain
  • Muscle ache
  • Shortness of breath or asthma
  • Chest pain

Psychosomatic disorders can also be in the form of worsening of an existing physical illness due to the influence of psychological, emotional, or thought conditions. Examples of physical conditions that can be exacerbated by psychological or mental factors are heartburn, psoriasis, eczema, high blood pressure, and heart disease. 

Psychosomatic Medicine

Psychosomatic treatment takes a long time and some even cannot be cured if the psychosomatic is very severe, but the method below may be able to reduce psychosomatic symptoms.
In psychosomatic disorders, doctors do not only focus on treating the physical symptoms experienced by the patient, but also treat mental or psychological conditions that cause physical complaints in the patient. Therefore, after the physical complaints are handled, the patient may be referred to a psychiatrist to be examined and treated for his psychological condition. Some of the treatment for psychosomatic disorders that may be carried out by psychiatrists are:


Types of psychotherapy treatment are generally carried out in the form of cognitive behavioral therapy. This treatment aims to train a person's mental response to tough situations. This will be very useful to reduce the physical complaints experienced by people with psychosomatic disorders.


Hypnotherapy can coexist with psychotherapy, and is effective for dealing with stress and anxiety. Hypnosis in this therapy can make a person able to explore thoughts, feelings, and painful memories hidden in his subconscious mind. With the discovery of these hidden wounds, doctors can help patients process and respond to these wounds so they don't develop into stress that can trigger psychosomatic disorders.


Medications are usually used for mental disorders that cause psychosomatic symptoms. Psychiatrists generally prescribe antidepressant medications that can reduce the physical symptoms or pain associated with depression and psychosomatic disorders. In addition to the methods above, the psychiatrist may also train the patient on how to manage stress well. The goal is that patients can prevent or relieve psychosomatic symptoms when under stress. Although originating from the mind, psychosomatic disorders should not be underestimated and must be overcome. If you often complain of pain when you have problems, consult a psychiatrist to get the right examination and treatment.

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